By Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler
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Additional info for Annual Review of Psychology, vol 55 2004
Next, consider the proposition that GO and STOP map onto distinct kinds of neurons. In the context of saccade production, it seems sensible to identify the GO process with gaze-shifting (movement) neurons and the STOP process with gaze-holding (fixation) neurons. , Dorris & Munoz 1998, Dorris et al. 1997) (Figure 2). Likewise, when saccades are canceled, fixation neurons exhibit a rapid increase in discharge rate while at effectively the same time movement neurons exhibit a rapid decrease in discharge rate (Hanes et al.
Extending such homologous identity to rodents or invertebrates seems less secure. Second, at what behavioral and neural scale must the comparison be judged? Surely common mental states cannot require common states of each receptor and ion channel in the nervous system. If this were so, then we could not think the same thought twice. , Barsalou et al. 1998). Also, if a molecular scale description is necessary, then we are faced with an effectively insurmountable challenge. Another of Moore’s (1956) theorems proves that the number of steps needed to learn about the internal structure of a computing machine is at least the same order of magnitude as the number of states of the machine.
How can we proceed? It seems that some kind of synthetic bootstrap is necessary. LINKING PROPOSITIONS The relationship between mental and physical descriptions can be articulated through linking propositions that specify the nature of the mapping between particular cognitive states and neural states (Brindley 1970, Teller 1984, Teller & Pugh 1983). Different kinds of linking propositions can be distinguished: identity, similarity, mutual exclusivity, simplicity, and analogy (the interested reader is directed to Teller 1984).
Annual Review of Psychology, vol 55 2004 by Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler