By Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos
Facing the subject of Unification in Psychology.
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Extra resources for Annals of Theoretical Psychology (Volume 5)
The criticism of the logical positivist view of the nature of observations in science has been mounted as a vehicle for rejecting an objectivistic, observational, natural science approach to psychology. The present view of unified positivism is that such philosophical positions are detrimental in the manner in which they constitute a wholesale rejection of the view that psychology should be an experimental science with a general methodology like that of the natural sciences. In the present view, moreover, these critical approaches have not yet provided a philosophical foundation that indicates the directions psychology must take.
Where is the effort to unify the 100 to 140 different theories of psychotherapy? Who is trying to make sense out of the unarticulated knowledge we refer to as cognitive psychology? How do phenomena labeled emotions, intelligence, cognitive dissonance, learning, values, readiness, phobias, motivation, depression, storage, encoding, and so on, relate? Is it the case that we think there is no underlying commonality in such diverse knowledge? And is it also the case that as psychologists we do not care?
8. 9. to. 11. 12. Objective events Atomistic (elementary principle) Laboratory observation General (nomothetic) Precision and measurement Prediction and control Scientific determinism, mechanistic in causation Passive respondent, automatism Conditioning, behavior modification, and behavior therapy Valueless science Basic, pure science; science for science's sake Prior and present causation 13. Conditioning 14. Environmentalism, or research to isolate biological mechanisms 18 Arthur W. Staats Although this analysis is valuable in showing a basis for a major division, there is also something misleading about it.
Annals of Theoretical Psychology (Volume 5) by Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos