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Ali Khamenei (Modern World Leaders) - download pdf or read online

By John Murphy

ISBN-10: 0791095177

ISBN-13: 9780791095171

ISBN-10: 1438104626

ISBN-13: 9781438104621

Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei used to be born right into a kinfolk of strict piety and average poverty. As a serious-minded non secular pupil, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. Upon Khomeini's dying, Khamenei was once named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This biography tells his tale.

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The first military engagement occurred in 637 at Qadisiya, resulting in the death of the Persian commander and a chaotic Persian retreat. One year later, the Sassanian seat of power—the opulent palace at Ctesiphon—fell to the Arabs. The Persian defeat at Nihavand in 642 allowed Arab forces to the ISLAMIC INVASION Muhammad (above) was the founder of Islam and is believed by many to have been a prophet. Muhammad gained a following with his teachings and became a threat to the ruling elite, which forced him to flee to Medina.

This did not sit well with the large number of pious (religious and practicing) Muslims in Iran. As the entire world became mired in the devastating economic depression of the 1930s and advanced towards a second catastrophic global war, Iran’s economy also suffered, and the world’s great powers again began eyeing the nation for its oil resources and strategic value. These strains, coupled the history of modern iran with the widespread and growing discontent over Reza Shah’s harsh, repressive, and uncompromising rule, would result in his downfall.

The nation’s economy and trade became, to a large extent, controlled by foreigners. Outraged merchants, farmers, and clerics banded together to protest the tobacco deal and the Qajar regime’s general selling out of the nation’s interest for its own personal enrichment. This revolt led to the repeal of the deal. Yet the Qajars didn’t learn their lesson. Within 10 years, Iran agreed to import the history of modern iran The shah of Persia, Nasser-Al-Din, is seen with Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, in this 1880 photograph.

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Ali Khamenei (Modern World Leaders) by John Murphy


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