Fossil Fuels

Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants - download pdf or read online

By Barnabas Gikonyo

ISBN-10: 1482232766

ISBN-13: 9781482232769

ISBN-10: 1926895959

ISBN-13: 9781926895956

Due to their excessive progress price, algae, microalgae, and aquatic vegetation have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel creation. Advances in Biofuel construction: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel construction and bioengineering and considers from an international context the evolving methods of algal biofuel creation. The booklet seems to be at how biomass, in particular sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are certain first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the creation of gasoline. The feasibility of such tasks, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel construction are presented.

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Extra info for Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants

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2007, 29, 1349–1352. 69. V. Biofixation of carbon dioxide by Spirulina sp. and Scenedesmus obliquus cultivated in a three-stage serial tubular photobioreactor. J. Biotechnol. 2007, 129, 439–445. 70. S. Some characteristics of microalgae isolated in Taiwan for biofixation of carbon dioxide. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sini. 2003, 44, 43–52. 71. J. Wastewater treatment and algal production in high rate algal ponds with carbon dioxide addition. Water Sci. Technol. 2010, 61, 633–639. 72. ; Ruan, R. Novel fungal pelletization assisted technology for algae harvesting and wastewater treatment.

When cultivated with 6% and 12% CO2, Chlorella kessleri showed a maximum biomass productivity at 6% CO2 while Scenedesmus obliquus showed a maximum biomass productivity at 12% CO2. , Scenedesmus obliquus, and Chlorella vulgaris grew well when the culture medium contained up to 18% CO2, and Spirulina sp. exhibited the highest rate among them. Chang et al. [70] found that some strains of Chlorella could grow in an atmosphere containing CO2 up to 40%. Base on these studies, we can try to use some means to promote microalgae growth stimulated by CO2 addition [71].

Providing algae can utilise industrial gases, there is the potential to remove CO2, which would otherwise be emitted. The mitigation of CO2 from flue gas using algae would be ideal in an industrial scenario, as targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions are becoming tighter [44]. The improvement of biomass yields by introducing a concentrated source of CO2 has been reported [45, 46], however, there are many barriers yet to overcome; for example concentration of CO2 in flue gas may be too high for many strains of algae resulting in toxicity, and/or the presence of other toxins in the gas may adversely affect productivity, and/or gas transport cost to algal biomass growth reactors or ponds may be unviable.

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Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo


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