Fossil Fuels

Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants - download pdf or read online

By Barnabas Gikonyo

ISBN-10: 1482232766

ISBN-13: 9781482232769

ISBN-10: 1926895959

ISBN-13: 9781926895956

Due to their excessive progress price, algae, microalgae, and aquatic vegetation have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel creation. Advances in Biofuel construction: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel construction and bioengineering and considers from an international context the evolving methods of algal biofuel creation. The booklet seems to be at how biomass, in particular sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are certain first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the creation of gasoline. The feasibility of such tasks, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel construction are presented.

Show description

Read Online or Download Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants PDF

Best fossil fuels books

Read e-book online User's guide to natural gas technologies PDF

A advisor for the consumer to getting to know new usual gasoline paying for and chance administration tools. Explores the evolution of the industry and is helping readers know how to make the procuring procedure more desirable. subject matters lined contain fuel futures, gasoline contracts, and gasoline administration. DLC: typical gas--Purchasing--United States.

Download e-book for iPad: Carbon-Neutral Fuels and Energy Carriers by Nazim Z. Muradov, T. Nejat Veziroğlu

Issues over an volatile strength offer and the adversarial environmental influence of carbonaceous fuels have prompted massive efforts around the world to discover carbon-free or low-carbon choices to traditional fossil fuels. Carbon-Neutral Fuels and effort providers emphasizes the very important position of carbon-neutral strength resources, transportation fuels, and linked applied sciences for developing a sustainable strength destiny.

Download PDF by Nick Kanellopoulos: Small-Scale Gas to Liquid Fuel Synthesis

It really is envisioned that a huge fraction of usual fuel reserves are present in destinations from the place shipping isn't really in your price range. If those remoted normal gasoline reserves will be switched over to man made fuels, they'd generate round 250 billion barrels of artificial oil―a volume equivalent to one-third of the center East’s confirmed oil reserves.

Extra info for Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants

Example text

2007, 29, 1349–1352. 69. V. Biofixation of carbon dioxide by Spirulina sp. and Scenedesmus obliquus cultivated in a three-stage serial tubular photobioreactor. J. Biotechnol. 2007, 129, 439–445. 70. S. Some characteristics of microalgae isolated in Taiwan for biofixation of carbon dioxide. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sini. 2003, 44, 43–52. 71. J. Wastewater treatment and algal production in high rate algal ponds with carbon dioxide addition. Water Sci. Technol. 2010, 61, 633–639. 72. ; Ruan, R. Novel fungal pelletization assisted technology for algae harvesting and wastewater treatment.

When cultivated with 6% and 12% CO2, Chlorella kessleri showed a maximum biomass productivity at 6% CO2 while Scenedesmus obliquus showed a maximum biomass productivity at 12% CO2. , Scenedesmus obliquus, and Chlorella vulgaris grew well when the culture medium contained up to 18% CO2, and Spirulina sp. exhibited the highest rate among them. Chang et al. [70] found that some strains of Chlorella could grow in an atmosphere containing CO2 up to 40%. Base on these studies, we can try to use some means to promote microalgae growth stimulated by CO2 addition [71].

Providing algae can utilise industrial gases, there is the potential to remove CO2, which would otherwise be emitted. The mitigation of CO2 from flue gas using algae would be ideal in an industrial scenario, as targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions are becoming tighter [44]. The improvement of biomass yields by introducing a concentrated source of CO2 has been reported [45, 46], however, there are many barriers yet to overcome; for example concentration of CO2 in flue gas may be too high for many strains of algae resulting in toxicity, and/or the presence of other toxins in the gas may adversely affect productivity, and/or gas transport cost to algal biomass growth reactors or ponds may be unviable.

Download PDF sample

Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo

by Kevin

Rated 4.87 of 5 – based on 3 votes